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Industrial decarbonisation policy seeks to address a number of technical and economic challenges in reducing industrial emissions. However, like all policy it is also the outcome of a political process, and creates new political dynamics.
Interest groups form coalitions to deploy ideas to try to influence outcomes, constrained or enabled by the institutional context for policy making. A range of actors have diverse interests in industrial decarbonisation policy, including: foundation industries; new technology firms; fuel, technology and infrastructure providers (e.g. in areas such as CCUS, hydrogen, bioenergy); consumers, taxpayers and workers, both in general and in particular regions. In theory, government seeks to balance these interests in designing policy; in practice policy will also reflect the political importance of different interests and how organised and effective interest groups are in putting their views.
At the same time, policy outcomes distribute resources and powers across these groups, and through path-dependence help create pathways of decarbonisation. These developments can in turn create political risks.
Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex Business School:
University of Sussex Business School:
Dr Marc Hudson, Research Fellow
The aim of the project is to provide an analysis of the political dynamics of industrial decarbonisation (ID) policy process in the UK, both in general and in relation to the Industrial Clusters Mission (ICM). The project will look at two issues:
The project aims to identify potential political risks arising from the strategy, and recommend strategies for mitigating these.
CCUS POLICY TIMELINE:
The evolution of the industrial decarbonisation cluster approach: