CO2 ports to pipelines [CO2P2P]

IDRIC Project MIP 2.2

University of Southampton
Southampton Marine & Maritime Institute
Progressive Energy


Shipping of CO2 is the critical enabling action required to facilitate Carbon Capture and Storage.

The Carbon Capture and Storage National strategy is to store around 50Mtpa by 2035, as set out in the Net Zero Strategy.

Prof Damon A.H. Teagle

Principal Investigator
University of Southampton

Project Team

Dr Tamara Topic
University of Southampton


Developing a techno-economic model for optimising CO2 shipping and port infrastructure and storage; Techno-economic design for preferred CO2 transportation from industry to the geological store.

This project will optimise approaches for the movement by ships of CO2 from clusters/sources without nearby CO2 geo-storage to other UK clusters with suitable storage capacity.

We will consider the specific CO2 waste streams from different sources (with a range of purities and phases) within regions, production volumes, port capabilities and attributes, and the design of appropriate port-side CO2 transit infrastructure.

We will take a deliberately UK-centric approach investigating specific UK sources, ports and shipping routes (cf. Northern Lights, ALIGN).

We will work closely with UK regulators to design seamless enabling regulations from source to geo-storage.

The goals of this project are:

  • Optimisation of effective methodology and development of supporting regulation of CO2 transport by ships and transit storage of CO2 in ports;
  • Development of regulatory frameworks and seamless connections between onshore and offshore regulators;
  • Measure and test wider public acceptance of CO2 transport, port storage, and shipping of CO2. (and other cryogenic potential future fuels (H22, NH3).

Our optimisation of CO2 shipping will include investigations of:

  • Ship size, vessel availability, retrofit/new build, port capabilities, cargo size, storage and supply and transfer rates;
  • Whole-chain assessment of technical /economic/energy costs of CO2-phase changes from capture to geostorage;
  • Enabling regulations for UK and international best practice to establish nascent industry and new commodity trade.

Meet the Team


Team 1

Dr Tamara Topic

University of Southampton


Team 1

Dr Tamara Topic

University of Southampton

Case Study/Progress:

Techno-Economic Model will define costs and the best-case scenario for transportation of CO2, from industrial clusters delivering CO2 to ports in East and South of the UK, to the geostorages in the North Sea, Teeside area.

The model results will show ship number and size; the number of trucks for non-pipeline road transport; optimal storage capacity and road transport solution vs. pipeline.

Ships in Dock

Associated Outputs