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Net-zero megaprojects in the UK offer promise and lessons
Seyed Mohamad Moosavi
Balázs Álmos Novotny
Amir H. Farmahini
The heat capacity of a material is a fundamental property of great practical importance. For example, in a carbon capture process, the heat required to regenerate a solid sorbent is directly related to the heat capacity of the material. However, for most materials suitable for carbon capture applications, the heat capacity is not known, and thus the standard procedure is to assume the same value for all materials. In this work, we developed a machine learning approach, trained on density functional theory simulations, to accurately predict the heat capacity of these materials, that is, zeolites, metal–organic frameworks and covalent–organic frameworks. The accuracy of our prediction is confirmed with experimental data. Finally, for a temperature swing adsorption process that captures carbon from the flue gas of a coal-fired power plant, we show that for some materials, the heat requirement is reduced by as much as a factor of two using the correct heat capacity.
Decarbonisation of industrial clusters is crucial for climate change mitigation and net zero policy goals, involving the deployment of technologies including hydrogen and carbon capture, utilisation and storage. Industrial clusters co-locate large-scale facilities for electricity generation and distribution, oil refineries and the manufacturing and distribution of products including fertilisers, glass, plastics and aerosols. Given the geographical, co-located rationale of industrial clusters, this perspective argues that adopting a place-based approach is fundamental to the success of industrial decarbonisation.
Dylan D.Furszyfer Del Rio
Decarbonizing the pulp and paper industry: A critical and systematic review of sociotechnical developments and policy options.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Dr Paul Upham
Prof Benjamin Sovacool
Dr Bipashyee Ghosh
Benjamin K. Sovacool
Joao M. Uratani
Conflicts between economic and low-carbon reorientation processes: Insights from a contextual analysis of evolving company strategies in the United Kingdom petrochemical industry (1970–2021)
Energy Research & Social Science
Mathur S G Gosnell
B K Sovacool
DD Furszyfer Del Rio
This review addresses the role that natural gas might play in global industrial decarbonization, and how it can help decarbonize industrial processes.
Applying a sociotechnical lens that investigates raw materials, iron and steel making processes, steel products making and usage, and waste and recycling, the review identifies the climate footprint of the iron and steel industry.
Dylan D. Furszyfer Del Rio
Benjamin K. Sovacool
Aoife M. Foley
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